Registered Apprenticeships, Job Corps and WIA Training
The Department of Labor's registered apprentice program has been training eligible individuals for skilled labor careers since 1937. Registered apprenticeships are available for more than 1,000 occupations, including able seaman, carpenter, chef, electrician, pipefitter and many more. Apprentices receive paid, on-the-job training as well as the education needed to pass certification examinations. In most cases, employers pay for all or most of the education expense, which can include associate or even bachelor degree programs [source: DOA].
Job Corps is a U.S. Department of Labor job-training program open to at-risk 16 to 24 year olds. Through Job Corps, students receive free career and technical training in more than 100 fields of study, including automotive repair, construction, renewable resources, manufacturing and information technology. If students don't already have a high school diploma or GED, Job Corps helps them earn one. Job Corps also helps students develop social and independent living skills and provides them with assistance in finding a first job [source: JobCorps].
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 created "one stop" career centers in each state that bring a full range of job seeker assistance together under one roof. One type of assistance offered at Career One Stops is help in applying for various WIA training programs. A number of various and sometimes highly-specialized opportunities are available. For instance, Casey and Son Horseshoeing School in La Fayette, Ga., is affiliated with the WIA program. If an advisor agrees that a certain region may have a need for more trained farriers (professionals trained in equine hoof care), the WIA program might agree to subsidize tuition at the school. Visit the WIA Web site for more information about training programs available in your area.
By now we've covered most of different types of financial aid available for vocational education. In the final section, we'll go over some of the more specialized assistance available to veterans and individuals with unique backgrounds and qualities.