When Emily was a junior in high school, she got her hands on a copy of Jacques Steinberg's "The Gatekeepers," a book about the admissions process at Wesleyan University, a premier, private U.S. college. When Emily finished reading the story, which follows a group of applicants through their senior year of high school, she was deflated.
"Thanks a lot," she said to her parents. "We don't have a unique ethnic background, you didn't make me learn how to play an obscure instrument and no one in the family has had a life-threatening disease. I'll never get into college."
Meanwhile, Andrew, also an academically strong and active student with a gift for languages, spent his summers traveling to French-speaking African countries and began learning Arabic. Like Emily, Andrew also hoped to go to Georgetown.
Andrew got in, but Emily was denied admission. Did Andrew's foreign language skills give him the edge, or was he admitted for some other reason?
We can start to answer that question by looking to the decision makers. Admissions officers are faced with the task of narrowing the pool of applicants to those students they believe will succeed in college -- and beyond. They're also charged with the responsibility of building a diverse class of students, all of whom should be the "right fit" for their particular institution. They base their decisions on more than the requisite transcripts and test scores. Yet, transcripts and test scores, the key elements in all college application folders, may stand out more if a student has studied a second language.
In this article, you'll learn how studying a foreign language can pay off in the college application process in ways that you may not realize, and you'll see the more obvious benefits of speaking more than one language in the real world.
The Advantages of Learning a Second Language
First, let's talk about the less obvious academic benefits of learning a second language. According to the Center for Applied Linguistics, learning a second language, especially at an early age, affects overall intellectual growth and mental development. Studies have shown bilingual students perform better in school and tend to be effective problem solvers [source: Center for Applied Linguistics].
Furthermore, numerous studies show a positive correlation between learning a second language and college admissions test scores. According to data collected by the College Board, there is a positive correlation between the study of foreign languages and SAT scores. Not only do students who study a foreign language score higher than their counterparts who have not learned a second language, their SAT scores improved with each year of study. In other words, those students who took four years of a foreign language scored higher than those who stopped after two [source: College Board]. In addition, the data also show that students who studied multiple years of other subjects, such as science, had no significant increase in their SAT verbal scores [source: Weatherford].
Of course, admissions officers at most colleges and universities also look closely at the applicant's transcript. Here they not only see grades earned, but also the student's course load. And to some of these gatekeepers, students who go beyond the two-year language requirement and also take AP courses show they are serious about academics. Admissions officers recommend that students who are proficient in a second language, particularly those who hope to attend an elite college or to major or minor in a foreign language, take four years of the language, including an AP language course (if available) or sit for the SAT subject test in the language they have been studying.
Unfortunately, not all languages are tested by the College Board's SAT subject tests. The limited number of tests affects what languages students choose to study in high school, which may impact their course of study in college and ultimately their career. Take for example, a student who wishes to learn Russian in high school. Because there currently is no standardized admissions test for Russian, that student may be discouraged from studying this language and, eventually, countries like the United States, may find themselves with a dearth of Russian speakers as a result [source: Morgan]. You can find out which foreign language tests the College Board offers by visiting its Web site.
Although studying a second language may not be the specific factor that stands out on your college application, chances are it will make a difference on an application of a different kind. Let's look at how speaking more than one language can benefit your career.
Is a Second Language Good for Your Career?
Outside of college campuses, mobility and technology have quickly brought different cultures closer. People are more willing to move to different parts of the world, and companies are more apt to do business with people in countries that, until recently, were inaccessible. For example, a significant opportunity for business opened when China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001 [source: Kessler]. Of course, crossing time zones and cooperating with colleagues in other countries is more effective if you can speak a common language and, at the very least, understand cultural differences.
But you don't have to leave home to benefit from the ability to speak a second or third language, especially if you work in one of the following industries:
- Health care: nurses, paramedics, physician's assistants and home health aids
- Hospitality: concierge, resort/hotel manager, desk clerk
- Education: teacher, guidance counselor
- Law enforcement: police officer, security guard, investigator, probation officer
- Customer service: sales clerk, store supervisor, customer service representative
- Social service: social worker (family, substance abuse), social work administration
- Finance: teller, financial advisor, investment banker, accountant
- Communication: translator, public relations specialist, journalist, media relations officer
For the United States, the need for fluent speakers of foreign languages became even more apparent after Sept. 11, 2001, when the country's deficiency in this area affected national security, in terms of being able to translate information obtained by U.S. intelligence agencies. Learning a foreign language not only aids in communication, but understanding and appreciation of other cultures [source: Morris].
In addition, as people continue to immigrate to the United States, schools and businesses become a mix of languages and cultures. North Carolina, for example, is experiencing rapid growth of non-English speakers from Hispanic and Asian countries, thanks to the agriculture and financial industries. When it comes to doing business in the global marketplace, multilingual speakers, who have an understanding of other cultures, have an advantage [source: Morris].
Andrew, the student who was accepted to Georgetown and graduated from the university's School of Foreign Service, thinks that foreign languages pose an excellent way for applicants to distinguish themselves, especially if they study an "unusual" language.
"Knowing a language is half the battle. Demonstrating that you are a 'global citizen' is the other half," he says, regarding both college and job applications. "That's the factor I'd look for. Does the applicant just know the language, or have they also used it to travel, volunteer in their local community or to perform a job they couldn't perform without the second language?"
"The application of the language and the awareness that contact with speakers of other languages can bring far more to an applicant's depth than merely having learned a second language."
For more information on the college admissions process, explore the links on the next page.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- American Council for Teaching Foreign Languages. "Benefits of Being Bilingual." (Feb. 2, 2010)http://www.yearoflanguages.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3651Report
- American Council for Teaching Foreign Languages. "Studies supporting increased academic achievement." (Feb. 2, 2010)http://www.actfl.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=4525
- American Council for Teaching Foreign Languages. "What does research show about the benefits of language learning?" (Feb. 2, 2010)http://www.actfl.org.
- Balderrama, Anthony, CareerBuilder.com writer. "Eight industries needing bilingual workers." Sept. 10, 2008. (Jan. 31, 2010) CNN.com/2008/LIVING/worklife/09/10/cb.industries.bilingual/index.html
- Bower, Emily. Personal experience. Spring, 2006.
- Center for Applied Linguistics. "Why, How and When Should My Child Learn a Second Language? (Feb. 2, 2010)http://www.cal.org/resources/pubs/whyhowwhen_brochure.pdf
- The College Board. "2009 College-Bound Seniors Total Group Profile Report College Board." Page 8. Collegeboard.com. (Feb. 1, 2010) http://professionals.collegeboard.com/profdownload/cbs-2009-national-TOTAL-GROUP.pdf
- Ferrand, Andrew. Personal interview. Feb. 4, 2010.
- Great Schools staff. "Why Learn a Second Language?" Greatschools.org. (Jan. 29, 2010)http://www.greatschools.org/students/academic-skills/learn-second-language.gs?content=540&page=1
- Kessler, Michelle. "U.S. firms: Doing business in China, tough, but critical. USA Today. Aug. 17, 2004.http://www.usatoday.com/tech/world/2004-08-17-china-tech_x.htm
- "Languages spoken in the United States." (Jan. 30, 2010)http://www.vistawide.com/languages/us_languages2.htm
- Morgan, Joyce Vining. "On Subject Tests: the Subjects Left Untested." National Association for College Admission Counseling. April 27, 2009. (Jan. 29, 2010)http://www.nacacnet.org/PublicationsResources/Admitted/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?List=452aa1cc%2D4507%2D4449%2Da05f%2D33a57a1eece2&ID=13
- Morris, Bernadette. "Why Study a Foreign Language? Learn NC. (Feb. 2, 2010)www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/759
- National Association for College Admission Counseling. "Parts of an Admissions Folder." November/December 2003. (Feb. 1, 2010) http://www.nacacnet.org/PublicationsResources/steps/Articles/Pages/AdmissionFolder.aspx.
- National Association for College Admissions Counseling. "Factors in the Admissions Decision. 2009 Research to Practice Brief."
- National Association for College Admission Counseling. (Jan. 29, 2010)http://www.nacacnet.org/PublicationsResources/Admitted/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?List=452aa1cc%2D4507%2D4449%2Da05f%2D33a57a1eece2&ID=13
- Weatherford, H. Jerold. "Personal Benefits of Foreign Language Study." ERIC Digest. 1986. (Jan. 29, 2010)www.ericdigests.org/pre-924/study.htm.