A Bradenton, Florida, man named Rick Snyder developed what might seem like an odd habit. While on his daily four-hour walk around town to feed stray cats, he stopped at car washes along the way, and poked his fingers into the change slots of the self-service vacuum machines that people use to clean the insides of their vehicles.
If you think that would yield an occasional quarter or a dime left behind in haste, you're underestimating our collective carelessness. He found an average of $5.60 per trip, and over a decade amassed $21,495 in lost change, which he eventually donated to a local animal rescue organization [source: Irby].
Snyder isn't the only person who has found money that the rest of us have accidentally left behind or misplaced. Consider the Humphreys, a New York City family who systematically picked up pennies and other coins that they found on sidewalks and stored them in a jar. In the course of a year, they collected $1,013 [source: Vigeland]. In New Paltz, New York, three young roommates spent $20 in 2014 to buy an old couch at the local Salvation Army thrift store. When they got home, to their shock, they discovered more than $40,000, much of it in $100 bills, hidden inside the pillows [source: Chappell].
So how much lost money is floating around out there? Unfortunately, no one seems to have done a comprehensive study. But the amount must be staggering.
Consider that by various estimates, between 66 and 74 percent of the pennies produced by the U.S. Mint get into the hands of consumers and then vanish from circulation [source: Elder]. Since the U.S. Mint produced $4.16 billion dollars' worth of pennies in 2014, that means that as much as $3.08 billion of them will end up dropped on the sidewalk, slipping between the couch cushions or landing wherever else misplaced coins end up [source: U.S. Mint].
As for paper money, the Federal Reserve System ordered $121.7 billion in new bills printed in 2014, 85 percent of them to replace worn-out currency that was being taken out of circulation. Most of the rest represents increased demand [source: Fed]. But even if a few tenths of a percent of that is to replace lost bills, we'd be talking hundreds of millions of dollars.
But how do we lose so much currency?
How and Why We Lose Money
Why do we lose money? It's probably for the same reason that we lose other important stuff, from cell phones to car keys. We're pretty absent-minded at times. A 2012 online study by a British insurance company, esure, concluded that the average person misplaces an average of 198,743 items over the course of a lifetime, and spends the equivalent of 230 days looking for them.
Stress, fatigue and multitasking all help to cause mental misfires that lead to us losing stuff, including money. Sometimes we fail to activate our hippocampus, the brain region that takes a snapshot of where we put that $20 bill from the ATM machine. Or else we fail to retrieve the reminder that our brain created. That forgetfulness may be genetic. Researchers have discovered that many people who are especially forgetful have a variation in the dopamine D2 receptor gene [source: Reddy].
But when it comes to small change, it may well be that we also just don't value it enough to hold onto it carefully. When you total up the pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters, it seems like a lot — cumulatively, there's about $15 billion in loose change in circulation [source: AmericaSavesWeek.org]. Coinstar, a company that operates coin-counting machines at supermarkets, says its customers estimate that they've got an average of $28 in coins in their pockets, on their nightstands or between couch cushions. But on average they cash in twice that, which tells you that they probably don't keep close track [source: Holland].
Thanks to inflation, a few pennies or nickels here and there don't seem to be worth much anymore — restaurants and convenience stores often have little trays of loose change at the counter, which they'll let customers use to pay an odd amount on a bill.
And when we accumulate change on our nightstands, banks aren't usually willing to just accept paper rolls of coins, as they once did. Coinstar charges a 10.9 percent fee to dispense paper bills for coins, though you could elect to accept a gift card to Starbucks, Amazon or other stores for free instead [source: Coinstar].
How people lose larger sums is a bit tougher to figure out, but we'll deal with that in the next section.
How to Misplace Big Bucks
In an age when practically everyone seems to have a credit card and a lot of us make purchases and pay bills online, it might seem puzzling that anybody actually amasses enough physical cash to lose a sizable sum. One sign of the times: The Salvation Army reported in 2014 that contributions to its Christmas kettle program had fallen off 10 percent from between 2012 and 2014, which one official attributed to the fact that people carried fewer bills and coins in their wallets [source: Schmidt].
The truth is, though, that cash is far from dead. About 65 percent of Americans prefer to use it instead of plastic for purchases of $5 or less, according to a recent survey. And that preference gets stronger with age. While millennials are slightly more comfortable using credit or debit cards for small payments, 82 percent of people 65 and older prefer currency [source: Merzer]
Additionally, many of us don't completely trust the cashless economy — or, for that matter, banks. A 2015 American Express survey found that 29 percent of Americans are keeping at least some of their savings in paper money and coins, and a little more than half of those people have stashed the money in some secret location. According to another study, the most popular place to hide money is in the freezer (27 percent of cash hoarders), with another 20 percent using the sock drawer. A further 11 percent use the stereotypical mattress, and 10 percent prefer the cookie jar [source: Grant].
The problem, of course, is that people sometimes forget where they've stashed their savings. In 2013, a woman forgot that she'd stashed $98,000 in cash in a desk, and mistakenly sold it on Craigslist. Fortunately, she sold it to a rabbi, who found the money and returned every cent of it to her [source: Shaw]. On the other hand, in 2009, an Israeli woman replaced her mother's mattress, not knowing that $1 million was stashed inside. She searched three landfills but did not find that old mattress [source: Associated Press].
Author's Note: How much money do people accidentally throw away every year?
This assignment was a perplexing one to me, because there really isn't any good data on how much money people lose. But even so, I found that there were plenty of interesting anecdotes to relate. Also, I think that I'm going to start buying used furniture, in hopes that I'll find some secret wealth stuffed into the cushions.
More Great Links
- America Saves. "Test Your Savings Knowledge." Americasavesweek.org. Feb. 23-28, 2015. (June 22, 2015) http://www.americasavesweek.org/for-individuals/test-your-savings-knowledge
- Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. "Revised 2014 Currency Print Orders." Federalreserve.gov. Sept. 5, 2014. (June 24, 2015) http://www.federalreserve.gov/paymentsystems/2014_revised_coin_currency_orders.htm
- Carrns, Ann. "Banks Where You Can Still Count Your Change." The New York Times. June 2, 2011. (June 22, 2015) http://bucks.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/06/02/banks-where-you-can-still-count-your-change/?_r=0
- Chappell, Bill. "After Finding $40,000 In Thrift-Store Couch, Roommates Return Money." Npr.org. May 16, 2014. (June 22, 2015) http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/05/16/313118337/thrift-store-couch-yields-40-000-roommates-return-money
- Codd, Carey. "BSO Says Alert Deputy, Good Sam Returns Thousands To Homeless Man." CBSlocal.com. June 9. 2015. (June 22, 2015) http://miami.cbslocal.com/2015/06/09/bso-alert-deputy-good-sam-returns-thousands-to-homeless-man/
- Coinstar. "Help Center." Coinstar.com. (June 22, 2015) https://www.coinstar.com/CoinstarFAQ.aspx#A
- Elder, Jay. "Viewpoint: Lots of Cents Out There for Taking." Numismatic News. Aug. 29, 2013. (June 22, 2015) http://www.numismaster.com/ta/numis/Article.jsp?ad=article&ArticleId=27183
- Esure. "We're a Bunch of Losers." Esure.com. March 21, 2012. (June 22, 2015) http://www.esure.com/media_centre/archive/wcmcap_100800.html
- Grant, Kelli E. "Under a mattress, in the freezer: Why so many are hiding cash." CNBC. Jan. 29, 2015. (June 22, 2015) http://www.cnbc.com/id/102377632
- HG.org. "Found Money — What Are My Legal Obligations?" (June 22, 2015). http://www.hg.org/article.asp?id=31615
- Holland, Kelley. "More money than you think is hiding in that couch." CNBC. Nov. 21, 2013. (June 22, 2015) http://www.cnbc.com/id/101218244
- Irby, Kate. "Bradenton man donates $21,495 that he found in spare change over 10 years to local animal rescue." Bradenton.com. Oct. 1, 2014. (June 22, 2015) http://www.bradenton.com/2014/10/01/5388421_bradenton-man-donates-21495-that.html?sp=/99/100/&rh=1
- Jogia, Rekha. "Lost wallets: only one in five returned, research says." Guardian. Aug. 18, 2010. (June 22, 2015) http://www.theguardian.com/money/2010/aug/18/lost-wallets-one-in-five-returned-cpp-research
- Merzer, Martin. "Poll: Cash or Card for $5 Purchases?" Creditcards.com. (June 22, 2015) http://www.creditcards.com/credit-card-news/poll-small-purchase-card-vs-cash-1276.php
- News.com.au. "Tin cans filled with $10 million in gold coins found buried in California." News.com.au. Feb. 27, 2014. (June 22, 2015) http://www.news.com.au/world/tin-cans-filled-with-10-million-in-gold-coins-found-buried-in-california/story-fndir2ev-1226837801851
- Omer, Sevil. "$13,000 stuffed in suit accidentally sent to Goodwill." NBC News. Nov. 29, 2011. (June 22, 2015) http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2011/11/29/9099138-13000-stuffed-in-suit-accidentally-sent-to-goodwill
- Ortiz, Erik. "Los Angeles laundromat seeks customer who accidentally dropped off bundle of bills." New York Daily News. July 2, 2013. (June 22, 2015) http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/laundromat-seeks-customer-dropped-bundle-bills-article-1.1388315
- Reddy, Sumathi. "Why We Keep Losing Our Keys." Wall Street Journal. April 14, 2014. (June 22, 2015) http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304117904579501410168111866
- Schmidt, Gregory. "The Cashless Society Meets the Loose-Change Economy." The New York Times. April 1, 2014. (June 22, 2015) http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/04/01/the-cashless-society-meets-the-loose-change-economy/
- Shaw, Alexis. "Rabbi Returns $98k He Found in Desk Bought on Craigslist." ABC News. Nov. 12, 2013. (June 22, 2015) http://abcnews.go.com/US/rabbi-returns-98k-found-desk-bought-craigslist/story?id=20862464
- United States Mint. "Circulating Coins Production Figures." Usmint.gov. 2015. (June 24, 2015) http://www.usmint.gov/about_the_mint/?action=productionFigures&allCoinsYear=2014&reportSelected
- Vigeland, Tess. "Picking up loose change makes sense." Marketplace. Jan. 2, 2009. (June 22, 2015) http://www.marketplace.org/topics/life/picking-loose-change-makes-sense