How Financial Aid Calculators Work

Getting Started With Popular Financial Aid Calculators

You'll find financial aid calculators all over the Internet. One of the best known is on the Web site. The site was started in 1994 by Mark Kantrowitz, a college planning author and financial aid expert.

The FinAid web site has dozens of calculators designed for various purposes. Site visitors most often use the College Cost Projector, which gives you a quick overview of the kind of expenses you'll face going into a two- or four-year school. The Savings Plan Designer shows you the amount you'll need to save monthly to achieve a specific savings goal. The simply named Loan Calculator gives you an approximate monthly repayment amount and the income you'll need to pay your loan back without incurring financial problems.

The Expected Family Contribution and Financial Aid calculator is also popular. As the name indicates, it helps you determine how much aid you'll need after considering your family's contributions. The calculator provides a good example of the kinds of numbers you need to input in order to see useful results. You must indicate whether you're a full- or part-time student, and input marital status, dependent details and household size. You'll find similar calculators at the College Board and ACT Web sites.

Your tax returns, as well as those of your parents, will provide most of the vital information that these calculators need. Without this income and asset information, the calculators can't provide you with any sort of ballpark figure that will help with your planning.

Finally, you'll need to have a good idea of the expenses that your school of choice will require you to pay. You already know that every school must have Net Price Calculator on their Web sites by 2011, but if you need numbers now, can help. The site has a College Cost Finder that provides a breakdown of university costs, including tuition, room and board, and fees, all of which are very useful features for financial aid calculators.

As you work with financial aid calculators, remember this -- take all of those numbers with a grain of salt. And take those required disclaimers seriously. A single minor calculation error (or user input error) can throw off hours of work and provide you with misleading numbers.

So after you do your own research, contact financial aid experts at schools you like. These experts will review your numbers to make sure they're correct, and then steer you in a direction that will benefit you most. As with your career in general, a little planning goes a long way when it comes to financial aid. Put these free tools to work for you and figure out how you can attend the school of your dreams.

For more information on the costs of higher education, financial aid and related topics, spend some time with the links below.

Related HowStuffWorks Articles


  • ACT. "Financial Aid Need Estimator." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Baylor University. "Financial Aid Estimator." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • "Types of Student Loans And College Cost Calculators." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • FinAid. "Calculators." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Hurley, Joseph. "Need-Based Financial Aid Strategies." Dec. 14, 2009. (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • IT Innovative Solutions Corporation. "Net Price Calculator." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Monmouth University. "Loan Calculators." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • National Association of Student Financial Aid Administration. "ED Posts Net Price Calculator Template." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Post, Tim. "Aid Cushions Blow Of State Tuition Hikes." Dec. 8, 2009. (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Think Ahead, LLC. "College Aid Calculator Helps Colleges Boost Conversion Rate with Web-Based, Customizable Financial Planning Tool." (Dec. 29, 2009)
  • Yale University. "Financial Aid Calculator." (Dec. 29, 2009)