- Informal or conversational This is a free-flowing style.
- General interview guide This ensures that similar information is gathered from each applicant.
- Standardized or open-ended This allows applicants to answer in their own words.
- Closed or fixed-response This has applicants choose from a fixed set of responses.
Here are some guidelines for conducting a successful interview [source: Effective Interviewing]:
- Familiarize yourself with the job description.
- Review the applicant's resume and any submitted samples.
- Prepare questions in advance. Be sure the questions will determine the applicant's experience, attitude, and personality. Exclude any questions that violate applicable law.
- Prepare a quiet spot to conduct the interview and ensure that the applicant is comfortable.
- Explain any confidentiality issues before beginning the interview.
- Change the focus of the questions, if necessary.
- Take notes so you can review the session later. Don't rely on your memory to keep track of everything said during the interview.
- Pace yourself and don't lose track of the time -- an hour interview shouldn't run longer than that.
- Leave enough time for the applicant to ask questions regarding the job, work conditions, etc., and be prepared to answer questions about the company.
- Offer the applicant a way to contact you later.
Keep in mind that, in a sense, you're being interviewed by the applicant. The way you come across makes an important impression about your company.