10 New Jobs Created by the Internet of Things

Agricultural Technologist
Modern crop management involves handling specialized data to maximize output. © pablo_rodriguez1/iStock/Thinkstock

Agricultural technologists work to feed the planet by maximizing the food we get from our plants and animals. These technologists may specialize in soil analysis, livestock care or crop yields. To best do their jobs, these workers need data, and lots of it.

With a variety of technologies, farms can track all of their vehicle locations and fuel levels and also see how much fertilizer or herbicide has been applied to specific parts of certain fields. During harvests, farms can get real-time updates on yields as combines bring in crops. Areas with lower yields may be marked for additional fertilizer the next planting season.

Soil moisture sensors are already in widespread use, and nutrient sensors will indicate whether plants have enough sustenance to thrive. Newer sensors that detect for pH, ground elevation, organic matter content and other variables will also greatly impact end yields.

Technologists also need to keep digital eyes on livestock. Sensors implanted into herds of cattle track the health of each animal. If a cow falls ill, managers immediately know they should contact a vet to keep the animal from getting worse and to prevent it from spreading a disease to others. Other sensors may track milk production and even the nutrient levels of milk from each cow.

Combine all of this data and more, and agriculture professionals have a clearer picture of how to improve efficiency on each property. With the help of technologists, each farmer can maximize profitability and stay in business for the long run.