Hunger is a silent killer. According to UNICEF, a person dies of hunger every 3.6 seconds, and that victim is often a child under the age of 5 [source: UNICEF]. Hunger can strike both suddenly, in the case of swift-moving disasters, or slowly, such as withered crops and barren soils following long, uninterrupted droughts. Climate change, in fact, is one of the great emerging trends in humanitarian aid. Oftentimes, aid to areas affected by famine comes in the form of direct supplies, led by such quick-response organizations as UNICEF, Oxfam America, the World Food Programme and the International Red Cross.
Other programs are making amazing strides by empowering local farmers, giving them the knowledge and the tools to reap the benefits of modern farmland techniques. For example, Sustainable Harvest International has partnered with more than 2,000 families and helped plant almost 3 million trees in Belize, Honduras, Panama and Nicaragua while overseeing the conversion of almost 14,000 acres for diversified land use, primarily farming [source: Sustainable Harvest International].