Some people may be uncomfortable with giving away their genetic material. But for those who aren't bothered by the idea of becoming the biological parent for another couple's children, donating genetic material can be profitable and even rewarding. Women who donate an egg are paid between $5,000 and $8,000 for the time and discomfort of the process. Egg donors typically must be between 20 and 30 years old, at an average weight for their height and non-smokers. The donation process is involved: daily drug injections for a month and an outpatient procedure for the donation.
Sperm donors get between $50 and $100 per donation. Donation cycles last six months to a year, with donations made up to three times a week, so the money adds up. Donors must be at least 18 years old, but can donate up until the age of 40. Most banks require that men be above average in height (5'7" or 5'9"). Some require a high school diploma, or even a college degree. Between the initial screening and regular donations, the time commitment can be great. And while the donation process is obviously simpler for sperm than eggs, men have to abstain from any sexual activity for three days before each donation.
Potential sperm and egg donors complete a family medical history questionnaire to weed out anyone with major genetic health problems. That process also involves genetic testing and physical examinations. The screening takes several weeks, and only applicants who pass are compensated. So for some, it may not be worth the time.