A typical hair salon offers a full range of services, all related to the business of beauty. Although there are no specific educational requirements needed to become a hair stylist or cosmetician, vocational training is necessary. Most states require hair stylists, cosmeticians, manicurists and pedicurists to be licensed. This entails following a program that is approved by the state, and then passing an examination before receiving the license. Remember that many states will require separate licenses for giving manicures, pedicures and providing skin care [source: BLS]. We will now detail all aspects of how to start a hair salon.
- Decide exactly what type of business you want to operate and what services you wish to offer. Salons can offer numerous services including haircuts, trims and styling, shampoo and conditioning, coloring, manicures, pedicures, nail repair, facials, make-up applications, body waxing, massages and hair removal. Salons often sell professional hair and facial products as well.
- Make a business plan.
- Choose a location for your business.
- Determine the legal structure of your business. Will you be a sole proprietor, corporation or partnership.
- Register your business name with the Secretary of State of your state.
- Get a tax identification number.
- Obtain all necessary licenses and permits. Make sure you are inspected by the local health department and that all the products you will be using are approved.
- Obtain the financing you will require. You can either go to a bank or try to get a government backed loan from the Small Business Administration.
- Get the necessary insurance [source: Small Business Administration].