Emancipation meant the end of slavery in the United States, as written in the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation gave slaves freedom [source: U.S. National Archives]. During the Women's Liberation movement, in the late 1960s, many issues were addressed toward emancipating women. The emancipation of juveniles deals with conditions whereby parental authority no longer legally applies to a child who is under 18. Women's emancipation and minors' emancipation are ongoing issues.
In many states juveniles are emancipated under the following circumstances.
- He or she legally marries.
- He or she turns 18.
A juvenile can also be emancipated by the Juvenile Court. Different states have different legal requirements for emancipating juveniles. However, most states require the following:
- You have to be at least 16 years of age.
- You have to apply to the Juvenile Court in your county. This entails filing an application with the court clerk for a fee of approximately 150 dollars.
- You have to give your parents notice that you have filed an application to become emancipated.
- You must show you're capable of living as a responsible adult.
- You will have a preliminary hearing, when the court reviews your application.
- You will have a second hearing, when the decision is reached [source: Juvenile Rights Project].
Once you're emancipated:
- You will no longer have to obey your parents.
- You will have legal obligations regarding contracts, property and lawsuits.
- You will be responsible for your own financial affairs.
- Your parents will no longer be obligated to support you.
Women's emancipation has made great strides and women enjoy equal rights in many countries. However according to a United Nations' body dealing with women's rights, many countries have made formal objections to a United Nations' international treaty to eliminate gender discrimination [source: Deen]. Here's how you can help further women's emancipation:
- You can sign petitions.
- You can donate funds to organizations working for women's emancipation.
- You can become politically involved in advancing gender equality [source: Shah].