Depending on who you are interested in helping, there are a few different volunteer income tax assistance programs out there.
The most common, the VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) program, provides income tax preparation for people with low or moderate incomes of up to about $40,000. In addition, there is also the Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program, which is geared toward people who are 60 or older, as well as the Armed Forces Tax Council (ARTC) program for military personnel and their families [source: IRS].
When searching for a volunteer opportunity, keep in mind that you might not get your first pick, for example, there might not be an ARTC program volunteer office near you. Each tax assistance program will have different requirements of its volunteers and the training programs will vary. Whether you have a bit of tax background -- or even none at all -- you can still be a volunteer, though keep in mind that having a background will certainly help [source: Wasilewski]. New volunteers may shadow or be paired up with an experienced volunteer throughout the process in order to assist with any questions or complications that arise.
Though it varies depending on the tax assistance program and site, many will have a training course that involves take-home workbooks, followed by a week of classroom training to review key points and important information. And the training course will end with you taking a proficiency exam. There are three basic exams for most preparers -- basic (simple returns), intermediate (more detailed returns, including itemized deductions), and advanced (complex situations, like pensions) [source: Wasilewski]. There is also a separate military and international test, but those are only completed in special circumstances.
Be prepared to devote several months to volunteering each year -- training can start as early as December, with filing going from February to tax day: April 15. And even if you've done taxes before -- whether through a volunteer program or as a paid preparer -- you'll most likely have to complete the training and tests each year to stay abreast of the latest updates to tax law [source: Wasilewski].
Becoming a volunteer income tax preparer can be a valuable and rewarding experience. To learn more, visit the links on the next page.